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Some analysts point out that India's size will enhance its international status, especially as the world's fifth largest economy, it is also the fastest growing economy. India is also playing an increasingly important role on global issues such as climate change.
CNN reported that in the second half of the twentieth century, India has maintained rapid population growth, with an annual growth rate of 2%. Since independence in 1947, India's population has grown by more than 1 billion and is expected to continue to grow over the next 40 years.
However, according to the Centre for Economic Monitoring of India (CMIE), only 40% of India's working-age population is working or willing to work. As women spend less time giving birth and caring for their children, more Indian women need to work. But their situation is not satisfactory. According to CMIE, only 10 percent of Indian school-age women enter the labor market, compared to 69 percent in China.
According to the United Nations, India's population will increase to 1.7 billion by 2064, and managing the population will be a challenge for the country, with the sheer size of the population putting pressure on water and energy. In addition, the country's ability to create quality jobs in the face of a rapidly growing working-age population is being tested.